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Italy OIL PAINTINGS

Italian Paintings

In the second decade of the 15th cent. Italy?primarily Florence a political stability was established in several regions, and powerful ruling families produced the patrons of art that made the artistic flowering possible. Donatello, Brunelleschi, and Alberti were among the first to look consciously toward classical antiquity as a model for their work. They, with Masaccio, whose style recalls Giotto's monumentality, began to devise the optical system of perspective. They also set a high artistic standard that was emulated by succeeding generations. Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, and Raphael vied with one another in Florence and in Rome to create a perfect art. Raphael's idealized Madonnas and portrait paintings and his Vatican frescoes exerted a tremendous influence over European artists. Whereas his paintings have come down to us fully realized, many of the complete artistic schemes of Michelangelo and Leonardo remain largely on paper. At the beginning of the 16th cent. two superlative Venetian masters, the mysterious, short-lived Giorgione and the long-lived, prolific Titian, continued the tradition established by Giovanni Bellini of sumptuous, poetic coloring. They created paintings with sensuous figures whose contours melted into luminous, atmospheric landscapes. In Parma, Correggio decorated church vaults with lively figures floating softly on clouds?a scheme that was to have a profound influence on baroque ceiling paintings. The stormy chiaroscuro oil paintings of Caravaggio and the robust, illusionistic paintings of the Bolognese Carracci family gave rise to the baroque period in Italian art.
Allori, Alesandro (1535-1607)
Arcimboldo, Giuseppe (1527-1593)
Baciccio, Giovanni Battista Gaulli (1639-1709)
Baschenis, Evaristo (1617-1677)
Bellini, Giovanni (1430-1516)
Bellotto, Bernardo (1721-1780)
Boldini, Giovanni (1842-1931)
Botticelli, Sandro (1445-1510)
Bronzino, Agnolo (1503-1572)
Brunery, Francois (1849-1926)
Canaletto, Giovanni Antonio Canal (1697-1768)
Caravaggio, Michelangelo Merisi da (1571-1610)
Carlevaris, Luca (1663-1730)
Corcos, Vittorio (1859-1933)
Correggio, Antonio Allegri (1489-1534)
Ernst, Rudolf (1854-1932)
Francesca, Piero dela (1416-1492)
Gentileschi, Orazio (1563-1639)
Giordano, Luca (1634-1705)
Giorgione, Castelfranco Veneto (1477-1510)
Guardi, Francesco (1712-1793)
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
Mantegna, Andrea (1431-1506)
Michelangelo, Buonarroti (1475-1564)
Modigliani, Amedeo (1884-1920)
Pasini, Alberto (1826-1899)
Raphael, Raffaello Sanzio (1483-1520)
Reggianini, Vittorio (1859-1938)
Reni, Guido (1575-1642)
Rosati, Giulio (1858-1917)
Santoro, Rubens (1859-1942)
Solimena, Francesco (1657-1747)
Soulacroix, Frederick (1858-1933)
Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista (1696-1770)
Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti (1518-1594)
Titian, Tiziano Vicellio (1485-1576)
Veronese, Paolo (1528-1588)
Zampighi, Eugenio (1859-1914)
 
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